Tschaikowsky's 'Sérénade mélancolique' in B-flat minor for violin and orchestra, was written in February 1875. It was his first work for violin and orchestra, and was written immediately after completing the 'Piano Concerto No. 1'. After its première, 'Sérénade mélancolique' was soon to become a standard work in violin soloists' repertoire: Many performers, for example, Pablo de Sarasate early on, included it in their programs, often together with its sister work the 'Valse-Scherzo'. Thus, the two pieces were also heard in a Moscow memorial concert for Tschaikowsky on 14/26 January 1895 and even today the melancholy miniature has lost none of its poignant effect.
Belgian arranger Yorick de Bruycker transcribed the 'Sérénade mélancolique' for Violin with accompaniment of a Symphonic Band.